今天第一篇,转载的是我的朋友Forrest Sheng Bao 的 Blog 中专门为中国大陆用户所写怎样使用Tor穿越GFW. 原文针对Linux用户,关于Windows的配置可以参见这里

作者介绍:Forrest Sheng Bao 是Texas Tech University 研究生, 也是一个Linux的狂热爱好者。我们通过百合认识并在其后熟悉。他的研究领域包括生物信息学,计算机科学,信号处理和图像科学。你可以通过forrest.bao AT 联系他,也可以访问他的个人主页.

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How to install/configure Tor and Privoxy on Linux {.post-title}

This document is licensed under GNU Free Document License. Permission is granted to obtain, modify, translate and re-distribute it under any circumstance and in any form. The purpose of this document is to help people who are suffering under injustice network censorship policies of some extreme f**king governments.

Question 1: What is Tor?

Tor is a connection-based low-latency anonymous communication system which

addresses many flaws in the original onion routing design. In brief, Onion Routing is a connection-oriented anonymizing communication service.

The latest information can be found at, or on the mailing lists, archived at or

Question 2: What is Privoxy?

Privoxy is a web proxy with advanced filtering capabilities for protecting privacy, filtering web page content, managing cookies, controlling access, and removing ads, banners, pop-ups and other obnoxious Internet junk. Privoxy has a very flexible configuration and can be customized to suit individual needs and tastes.

Question 3: Can Tor and Privoxy help those people in Communism countries?


Question 4: How to install Tor and Privoxy?

Linux Users:

  • I can here only provide the solution to install them on Debian or Debian-based Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu, Xandros, MEPIS. I will use Ubuntu as the example.

  • For Fedora/Red Hat Linux users, maybe you can find the RPM package on their supporting websites or using YUM to install.

  • For SuSE Linux users, please use YaST2 to install them.

  • Other Linux distribution users, please search on the Internet or consulting BBS, Mail list, etc.

FreeBSD Users:

Tor and Privoxy can work on FreeBSD, you can use port to install or you can download the source to compile by yourself.

Mac OS X Users:

I know Tor and Privoxy can work on Mac OS X. But I haven’t tried.

Windows Users:

Please ask your locate help.

To install Tor and Privoxy on Ubuntu Linux, just run following command

sudo apt-get install tor privoxy

Question 5: What to do after the installation?

  1. Install the Firefox TorButton plug-in.

Go to this URL:

Click the “Install Now” button to install it. A windows for installation will popup. After the installation, restart Firefox. You will see a button at the right bottom of Firefox.

  1. Configure the Privoxy.

Open Privoxy’s “config” file (look in /etc/privoxy/ or /usr/local/etc/) and add the line

forward-socks4a / localhost:9050 .

to the top of the config file. Don’t forget to add the dot at the end.

Privoxy keeps a log file of everything passed through it. In order to stop this you will need to comment out three lines by inserting a # before the line. The three lines are:

logfile logfile

and the line

jarfile jarfile

and (on some systems) the line

debug 1 # show each GET/POST/CONNECT request

You’ll need to restart Privoxy(if you are a newbie of Linux, just reboot the computer) for the changes to take effect.